Новый год — это традиционно свежий старт для амбициозных планов. Для Украины начало 2019-го — это новая сессия парламента, старт очень напряженного политического сезона и существующий конфликт в Азовском море. Так что же будет происходить в 2019-м в морской отрасли, какие решения будут определять ее развитие и чего ждет бизнес?
В настоящем аналитическом материале автор из Европейской Бизнес Ассоциации (European Business Association) рассматривает ключевые моменты истории 2018 года, а также соответствующие перспективы 2019 года. А именно: портовые сборы, инфраструктурные законопроекты, концессия морских портов, корпоратизация АМПУ и Морская Администрация.
|Methodology and port dues
Business circles unambiguously and positively assessed the 20% reduction of port dues as of 1 January 2018. It was a very important step towards improving competitiveness of Ukrainian ports and Ukrainian products on the world markets. In the meantime we hope that it was just the first step and that the government will continue this positive trend. Indeed, the results of 2018 proved that the cargo flow had increased and that the right course had been chosen. We know what to stick at in future though nowadays we are still more expensive than our immediate competitors in the Black Sea basin. As the World Bank has evaluated, the port dues in Ukraine should be still reduced by about 54% so that they can become competitive with the other ports — that will be sufficient to maintain our port infrastructure in a proper condition.
However, we understand that the port dues reduction should go in parallel with further reduction of dividends that the SE «USPA» pays in favour of the state budget from 50% to 30%, which will enable to increase the resource channelled for the development of the SE «USPA» maritime infrastructure.
We also emphasize the necessity to targeted use of the dues as it is clearly prescribed by the Law of Ukraine «On Sea Ports». As of now, it is not always so, As an illustration of this situation can be use of a part of the canal dues to inland waterways. Surely, rivers should be developed. However, to this end it is necessary to adopt the law on inland water transport which is to define the sources of their financing.
Infrastructural draft laws
In 2018 none of the European integration draft law was adopted that concerns infrastructure which produced a negative effect on development of the whole industry. Therefore, expectations of businesses from the new parliamentary session are very high because in the Rada there are draft laws that are of key importance for the Ukrainian transport and infrastructure: «On inland water transport», «On concessions» and a new draft law «On Railroad transport» (will be brought in in January-February 2019).
Concession of sea ports
We advocate creation of various mechanisms of the public-private partnership. The Association is of opinion that reduction of the state property share due to attraction of private domestic and foreign investments in the ports will allow of making their operation more efficient. At the same time we consider that each sea port of Ukraine has its own history which means that the governmental approaches to their future destiny may not be identical for all ports. Some ports should choose concessions, the other are to be privatized.
Corporatization of the USPA and Maritime Administration
The newly established Maritime Administration in charge of the state policy in the spheres of sea and river transport, merchant shipping, river navigation, navigation and hydrographic support of shipping and safety at sea and river transport proceeded to work in August 2018. By now 5 territorial structural divisions of the Maritime Administration have been established, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine transferred to it six specialized enterprises and institutions, amendments to the legal and regulatory framework are being developed. In 2019 the Maritime Administration will continue to reform the maritime branch.
Автор: Yaryna SKOROKHOD,
Источник: Судоходство Shipping. — 2019. — № 1-2. — С. 6 — 8.